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Brook Silverside
Brook Silverside, Labidesthes sicculus

These are small, slender, flattened, silvery-stripe fishes with large eyes that are comprised mostly of surface, schooling marine species. Of the 160 species, only three are found in freshwaters in North America, and the brook silverside is the only one found in Virginia. These small stream fishes add to the aquatic diversity and can be improtant prey fish for sport fishes in Southern reservoirs.
Physical Description: 
�	Elongate, slender, compressed body
�	Terminal mouth, beak-like jaw 
�	Silver-striped side, translucent body, green-blue iridescence on body
�	2 dorsal fins
�	Large eye
�	Sharp, conical teeth
�	Long anal fin
�	Second anal and dorsal fins concave
�	Forked tail fin

Similar species: 
�	Inland silverside (Menidia beryllina)

Mean body size:
�	Adults are 65-90 mm standard length 

�	Lakes, large rivers, reservoirs, and creeks
�	Schools in clear water at the surface

Distribution in VA:
�	Clinch and Powell rivers of the Tennessee drainage

Food Habits:  
�	Microcrustaceans, aquatic and terrestrial insects

Reproductive Habits: 
�	Short-lived, 2 years, grows quickly
�	Spawning occurs in May and June at 17-23OC
�	Fecundity is 450-785 eggs per female
�	Females approach the males; male has an intromittent organ that he uses to internally fertilize the female's eggs
�	Eggs during the glide down and eggs attach to objects in the water

Population Status, Economic, or Ecological Importance: 
�	Special concern status in Virginia due to its localization and rarity in this state


Jenkins, R.E and N.M. Burkhead. 1993. Freshwater Fishes of Virginia. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland.
If you are seeking more information for the above species click on the VAFWIS logo (The Virginia Fish and Wildlife Information Service):

Continue Browsing Families.....
  1. Petromyzontidae, Lampreys
  2. Polyodontidae, Paddlefish
  3. Acipenseridae, Sturgeons
  4. Lepisosteidae, Gars
  5. Amiidae, Bowfins
  6. Anguillidae, Freshwater Eels
  7. Amblyopsidae, Cavefishes
  8. Ictaluridae, Catfish
  9. Percopsidae, Trout-Perches
  10. Salmonidae, Trouts
  11. Clupeidae, Herrings
  12. Esocidae, Pikes
  13. Aphredoderidae, Pirate Perches
  14. Umbridae, Mudminnows
  15. Fundulidae, Killifishes
  16. Poeciliidae, Livebearers
  17. Cyprinidae, Minnows
  18. Catostomidae, Suckers
  19. Gasterosteidae, Sticklebacks
  20. Atherinidae, Silversides
  21. Cottidae, Sculpins
  22. Sciaenidae, Drums
  23. Percidae, Perches
  24. Moronidae, Striped Basses
  25. Centrarchidae, Sunfishes

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