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Trout-Perch, Percopsis omiscomaycus

Only two species, the trout perch and the sandroller, comprise this family in North America. The trout perch is found in the Potomac River drainage in Virginia. These fish have a large, unscaled head, a spiny dorsal fin, and an adipose fin. These small stream fishes add to the aquatic diversity and serve as links in the food chain and indicators of water quality. In northern lakes, the trout perch is an important prey fish for walleye and other sport fishes.
Physical Description: 
�	Well-developed adipose fin
�	Lateral row of dark spots
�	Elongate body, slightly compressed
�	Single dorsal fin
�	Forked tail fin
�	Translucent skin, sometimes with a silver and purple iridescence

Similar species: 
�	Western sand roller (P. transmontanus)

Mean body size:
�	Adults are 80-110 mm standard length 

�	Lakes, streams, and rivers over mud, sand, and rocky bottoms

Distribution in VA:
�	Potomac drainage

Food Habits:  
�	Algae, small crustaceans, insects, mollusks, and small fish

Reproductive Habits: 
�	Mature around age 1 or 2
�	Spawn in late April and May at 15OC
�	Spawning occurs in riffles in streams or in shallow areas of lakes over sand or gravel
�	Massive die-offs of older males occur after spawning
�	Fecundity is 126-1,329 eggs per female

Population Status, Economic, or Ecological Importance: 
�	Extirpation has occurred due to predation by gamefishes 


Jenkins, R.E and N.M. Burkhead. 1993. Freshwater Fishes of Virginia. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland. 

If you are seeking more information for the above species click on the VAFWIS logo (The Virginia Fish and Wildlife Information Service):

Continue Browsing Families.....
  1. Petromyzontidae, Lampreys
  2. Polyodontidae, Paddlefish
  3. Acipenseridae, Sturgeons
  4. Lepisosteidae, Gars
  5. Amiidae, Bowfins
  6. Anguillidae, Freshwater Eels
  7. Amblyopsidae, Cavefishes
  8. Ictaluridae, Catfish
  9. Percopsidae, Trout-Perches
  10. Salmonidae, Trouts
  11. Clupeidae, Herrings
  12. Esocidae, Pikes
  13. Aphredoderidae, Pirate Perches
  14. Umbridae, Mudminnows
  15. Fundulidae, Killifishes
  16. Poeciliidae, Livebearers
  17. Cyprinidae, Minnows
  18. Catostomidae, Suckers
  19. Gasterosteidae, Sticklebacks
  20. Atherinidae, Silversides
  21. Cottidae, Sculpins
  22. Sciaenidae, Drums
  23. Percidae, Perches
  24. Moronidae, Striped Basses
  25. Centrarchidae, Sunfishes

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